Rain water harvesting essay pdf

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Tell us more about it? Click here to share your story. Rain water collection is an easy way to encourage earth-friendly habits by incorporating green home design into any existing dwelling. Rain storage allows the homeowner to save money by recycling rainwater for use in the garden, filling a pond or washing the car. There is an almost endless variety of water barrels available for water harvest for houses using some form of green home design. The average rain storm can fill a 55 gallon barrel in one hour and the water is free of chlorine and other chemical additives found in tap water. Vegetable gardens and fish in ponds love rain water.

Submit Tips Research the average annual precipitation in your area to calculate how much water you can expect to collect. Be willing to pay more for high-quality materials movie for safely channeling and storing rainwater. Youll make up the cost quickly as your water bills get lower and lower. Its a good idea to clean out your gutters thoroughly before you begin using them to harvest rainwater. Cutting back overhanging brush will help reduce the debris that finds its way into your storage containers. Warnings never drink rain water that hasnt essay been properly filtered or treated. It may contain harmful bacteria, traces of toxic chemicals, or other contaminants. In places where the collection and storage of water is regulated by law, a gutter system may be the only legal way to harvest rainwater. Did you try these steps? Upload a picture for other readers to see. Upload error Awesome picture!

rain water harvesting essay pdf

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Its best to first filter the water through a 3 level system. First use a fine mesh screen to hold out large debris like leaves and bugs. Then a natural sponge filter to allow the water to still flow through the filter medium (natural sea sponges). Last, use a charcoal filter. Fish tank filters work well, or make one. Fill a new sock halfway with activated charcoal, finish with cotton, and filter. Always boil before consuming or giving to animals! Ask a question needed 200 characters left Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.

rain water harvesting essay pdf

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You only need an additional spigot and a tension regulator. Do not forget the back-up clasp! I set this up last year and it has worked out great. What do you do during the winter to keep the water from freezing? Wikihow Contributor If your storage containers are properly covered and insulated, the water may be retain enough heat to prevent freezing. Otherwise, it may be a good idea to drain, clean, and put up your storage system during the colder season, especially if you live somewhere that experiences harsh winters. What is an easier way to harvest rain water? Dustin Iggins Johnston Something like a kiddypool or other similar large, flat container works really well. Filter it thoroughly writing before using for human/animal consumption.

A gutter is typically used to collect the rain and re-direct it to a holding tank. From the gutter the water should be filtered of debris before entering the holding tank. When the captured water is drawn out of the tank, depending on its use it should be fine-filtered before animal or human consumption. Can central heating be run from rain water harvesting? Wikihow Contributor Of course! Harvest the water and store it in a large hot water heater unit you can find at any junk yard or scrap yard. Use this to run your central heating unit. The connection is easier than it looks.

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rain water harvesting essay pdf

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If youre serious about your conservation efforts, you might consider investing in a much larger above or below-ground storage system. This will make the project much involved, as youll have english to find a suitable location for the tank or even excavate your yard to make room underground. Once its finished, however, youll be able to collected far greater quantities of water than is possible using conventional systems. 15 Below-ground systems can get very expensive. These are recommended primarily for people who intend to use rainwater to replace running water for the majority of their daily needs. 4 Filter the harvested water. As a basic filtration system, you can use a sheet of fine mesh screening cut to fit over the opening of the container.

In-tank chemical filtration devices, first-flush diverters, and substances like activated charcoal are another option. These will help strain bacteria, heavy metals, and other undesirable substances from natural rainwater. 16 to deter mosquitos and limit the waters exposure to bacteria and other pollutants, be sure to keep the container covered at all times. 17 Aim to drain and clean your storage containers every 3-5 years to keep them sanitary. Community q a search Add New question What's an beauty advanced method of rain water harvesting? Patrick o'neill to start you must have an as big as possible collection surface, like a roof, and metal is preferred. A single plain is easier like a "shed roof" design.

A single rain barrel is spacious enough to hold 50 gallons (190 L) of water or more. Specially-designed barrels feature built-in filtration screens and spigots for ease of application, and can be purchased at most gardening centers. 10 If youre unable to find premade rain barrels, a wooden barrel, or even a lidded plastic trash can will. 11 Connect multiple barrels with a short length of hose so that theyll fill and drain at the same rate. No matter what type of container you choose for your collection system, make sure the materials its made from are opaque.


Blocking out the sunlight will prevent mold and algae from growing inside the barrels. 12 2 Elevate the barrels for better water pressure. Dig a shallow trough at your designated catchment area and fill it with tightly-packed gravel. Cover the gravel with cinder blocks or stacked wooden pallets and set the barrels on top. The added height will allow the water to flow from the spigot more easily. 13 The gravel is there to absorb overflow and keep it from saturating the foundation of the house. Raising your storage containers makes it easier to position a bucket or watering can beneath the spigot. 14 3 Install a dedicated cistern.

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This may help determine the location you ultimately decide. 3, keep the water close to its intended destination. If youre planning on using your reserves to water flowers or grow fruits and vegetables, for example, set up your conveyance system so that it delivers the water to the side of the house nearest the garden. That way, youll always have a convenient supply on hand. 8, consider the placement of your storage system carefully. Once the water has filled the containers, it can be difficult to transport it elsewhere. Collecting the water 1, set out one or more high-capacity containers. Plastic rain barrels are the most common method of harvesting rainwater.

rain water harvesting essay pdf

6, in general, sheet metal roofing make the best surfaces for collecting rainwater. Wood shakes, asphalt shingles, and clay tiles are also acceptable, though these materials tend to be more hospitable to mold, moss, and algae. 2, direct the water through a secondary conveyance system. If youve chosen someplace other than your roof to serve as your catchment area, youll need a way to reroute the runoff to where it will eventually be stored. You can accomplish this by digging a shallow channel at the waters source (for instance, the edge of a natural basin or essay along the stream). Then, lay a series of pipes within the recess. You can configure the pipes as needed to create a makeshift irrigation system and carry the water where it will be most useful. 7, durable materials like copper or aluminum pipes or pvc tubing make for long-lasting channels that won't introduce any other harmful compounds to the runoff water. Keep in mind that the channel must have enough slope to keep the water moving.

from leaching into the fresh water and prevent it from being tainted by other surface contaminants. Some cities have ordinances that heavily regulate the use of cisterns and other water collection systems. For this reason, this option may be better suited to those who live in rural areas. 4, in hot, dry climates, theres a chance that much of the water could be lost through evaporation before youve had the chance to make use. Part 2, channeling the runoff 1, use your homes gutters. Most residences are already equipped with a means of channeling excess runoff—the gutters. This is the simplest way to set about harvesting rainwater, as all it requires you to do is set out a few containers to catch what drains off of the roof. Standard 5 gutters with 3 downspouts will be large enough for most average-sized homes. For roofs with significantly more surface area, you may need to replace smaller gutters with slightly larger 6 gutters with 4 downspouts to control the flow of water.

2, pick an area behind or off to will one side of your home to keep your water collection system hidden from view. Look for places where water collects naturally. Since rainwater can collect at the base of any sloped surface, youre not limited to using your gutters. Following a heavy downpour, survey your property for areas where shallow pools, streams, and overflow begin to form. Any of these spots can serve as an effective catchment area. 3, remember: water settles at low elevation. If you live on a hill, you may need to scope out the perimeter of your property to find a suitable open-air collection site. 3, pave open reservoirs to create a cistern.

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We will use cookies to make wikihow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Okay, part 1, selecting a catchment Area 1, designate a section of your roof. If youre looking for a simple water collection solution that will allow you to begin harvesting right away without making any costly updates to your home, just look. The roof is the most commonly used catchment area. Its also the most easily adapted, thanks to the expediency of gutters and other fixtures. 1, for best results, designate a downspout directly beneath a steep part of the roof where water tends to accumulate.


rain water harvesting essay pdf
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